People

TISS is an inclusive organization and welcomes all persons with an interest in informed discussion about national security events.  At its core are some fifty scholars and practitioners who are very active in the organization and are listed in the Directory.  Also noted in this section of the website are a number of groups and individuals who have played – and in most cases continue to play – a special role in the life of TISS.  These include our founders, Board Members (Past and Present), undergraduate scholars (Wickershams), graduate students who have participated in our New Faces program, and Fellows (Past and Present).

Christopher Bail

Photo of Christopher Bail
Assistant Professor of Sociology Duke UniversitySociology School 254 Soc/Psych Building Durham NC 27708 USA Work Phone: 6176992253 Website: www.chrisbail.net
Biography

Chris Bail is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Duke University. He studies how non-profit organizations and other political actors shape public discourse by analyzing large groups of texts from newspapers, television, public opinion surveys, and social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter.

His research has been published by Princeton University Press, the American Sociological Review, and other leading journals. His work has been recognized by awards from the American Sociological Association, the Association for Research on Non-Profit Organizations and Voluntary Action, the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, and the Society for Study of Social Problems, and supported by the National Science Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. His research has also been covered by major media outlets such as NBC News, National Public Radio, and the Washington Post. Bail earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2011.

Dr. Bail is currently conducting a study of how non-profit organizations reach new audiences on the Internet using a unique sample of groups recruited via Facebook.

Anti-Muslim organizations, right-wing extremism, countering-violent extremism, social media, big data,

Notes

Chris Bail is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Duke University. He studies how non-profit organizations and other political actors shape public discourse by analyzing large groups of texts from newspapers, television, public opinion surveys, and social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter.

His research has been published by Princeton University Press, the American Sociological Review, and other leading journals. His work has been recognized by awards from the American Sociological Association, the Association for Research on Non-Profit Organizations and Voluntary Action, the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, and the Society for Study of Social Problems, and supported by the National Science Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. His research has also been covered by major media outlets such as NBC News, National Public Radio, and the Washington Post. Bail earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2011.

Dr. Bail is currently conducting a study of how non-profit organizations reach new audiences on the Internet using a unique sample of groups recruited via Facebook.

Anti-Muslim organizations, right-wing extremism, countering-violent extremism, social media, big data,

Kyle Beardsley

Photo of Kyle Beardsley
Associate Professor Duke UniversityPolitical Science Home 140 Science Dr, rm 208 Box 90204 Durham, NC 27708 Work Phone: (919)660-4318 Website: http://people.duke.edu/~kcb38/
Biography
: Kyle Beardsley (Ph.D., UCSD, 2006) is Associate Professor of Political Science. His research interests include the political consequences and causes of third-party involvement in peace processes, the nature of intrastate rebellion, the motivations for and implications of gender balancing in post-conflict security forces, and the effects of nuclear-weapons proliferation on crisis behavior. His book, The Mediation Dilemma, explores how third-party conflict management frequently does well in securing short-term peace but also can contribute to greater instability in the long run, especially when the third parties rely on leverage. Prior to coming to Duke, Prof. Beardsley was on faculty at Emory University.
: Associate Professor
: Duke
: PhD
: Political Science
: UCSD
: Third-party conflict resolution Nuclear weapons Peacekeeping

Anna Bigelow

Photo of Anna Bigelow
Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies North Carolina State UniversityDepartment of Philosophy and Religious Studies Work 429 Withers Hall North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695 Raleigh NC 27695 USA Work Phone: (919) 515-6194 Website: http://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/bigelow/
Biography
: Anna Bigelow (Ph.D., University of California at Santa Barbara) is Anna Bigelow is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at NC State University where she won the Outstanding Junior Faculty Award from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in 2009. She specializes in South Asian Religions. She is particularly interested in Islam, inter-religious relations, shared sacred sites, conflict resolution, and religious extremism and has given public and academic lectures on all of these topics. Her current book project focuses on how shared sacred sites impact shared civic space and vice versa. She has published on Sufism, pluralism, and the inter-religious violence in Gujarat in 2002.
: Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies
: North Carolina State University
: Ph.D.
: Religious Studies
: California, Santa Barbara
: Active
: South Asian Religions, particularly Islam and inter-religious relations, shared sacred sites, conflict resolution, and religious extremism.
Notes
:Islam
Religion and Conflict
South Asia
Middle East

William A. Boettcher

Photo of William A. Boettcher
Associate Professor North Carolina State UniversityDepartment of Political Science Work 207 Caldwell Hall School of Public and International Affairs North Carolina State University Work Phone: (919)515-7333 Website: http://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/boettcher/
Biography
: William A. Boettcher III (Ph.D., Ohio State University) is an Associate Professor of Political Science at North Carolina State University. His research focuses on the management of risk in foreign policy decision making and the framing of casualty data. He has published articles in the Journal of Conflict Resolution and Political Psychology and the Journal of Applied Social Psychology and is the author of a recent book, Presidential Risk Behavior in Foreign Policy: Prudence or Peril. This work looks at why Cold War Presidents were willing to risk entrapment and even war-escalation to contain Communist expansion and to preserve U.S. credibility.
: Associate Professor
: North Carolina State University
: Ph.D,
: Political Science
: Ohio State University
: Active
: Foreign Policy, National Security Policy
Notes
: Energy, Global Security
:US-ROK-DPRK Relations
Energy and Security

Daniel P. Bolger

Photo of Daniel P. Bolger
Teaching Assistant Professor N.C. State UniversityHistory Work Department of History, N.C. State University 350 Withers, Campus Box 8108 Raleigh, NC 27695-8108 Work Phone: (919)513-1437
Biography
: Daniel P. Bolger served 35 years in the U.S. Army, retiring in 2013. He commanded troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. His military awards include five Bronze Stars (one for valor) and the Combat Action Badge. He lives in Raleigh, North Carolina and teaches at N.C. State University.
: Teaching Assistant Professor
: N.C. State University
: PhD
: History
: University of Chicago
: Active
: Military history, Russian history

Hal Brands

Photo of Hal Brands
Assistant Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy Duke UniversityHistory Website: http://sanford.duke.edu/people/faculty/brands-hal
Biography
: Hal Brands joined the faculty at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy in July 2010. He is a historian whose research focuses on U.S. foreign policy and grand strategy, Cold War history, Latin American security and diplomacy, and other strategic and military issues. He previously worked at the Institute for Defense Analyses outside of Washington, D.C., and has served as a member of the RAND Corporation Grand Strategy Advisory Board. At Duke, he is an affiliate of the Duke Program in American Grand Strategy and serves on the Executive Board of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies. Brands is the author of From Berlin to Baghdad: America’s Search for Purpose in the Post-Cold War World (University Press of Kentucky, 2008). His second book,Latin America’s Cold War (Harvard University Press, September 2010), was adapted from his dissertation, which won the John Addison Porter Prize for Best Dissertation in the Humanities at Yale University and the Mary and Arthur Wright Prize for Best Dissertation in Non-U.S. or European History at Yale. His most recent book, What Good is Grand Strategy? (Cornell University Press, forthcoming), will be released in early 2014. Brands earned a PhD, MA and MPhil. in History from Yale University. He received a BA in History and Political Science from Stanford University.
: Assistant Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy
: Duke University
: Ph.D.
: History
: Yale University
: Active
: International Relations Cold War Diplomacy Foreign Policy–United States National Security

Joseph W. Caddell

Photo of Joseph W. Caddell
Lecturer in History UNC-Chapel HillHistory Home The Department of History • Hamilton Hall • CB# 3195 • UNC-CH • Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3195 Work Phone: (919)967-0471
Biography
: Joseph Caddell (Ph.D., Duke University) is Lecturer in History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Teaching Assistant Professor of History at North Carolina State University. He teaches the History of Air Power, the History of Sea Power, U.S. Military History; and Nuclear Security in the Twenty First Century and Intelligence History. He also taught a course for many years on Warning Intelligence for the Department of Defense. He has edited three works for the US Air War College: Nuclear Strategy, The Superpowers, and Arms Control and published a monograph on Deception for the Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute. He gives public presentations on a wide variety of topics relating to the study of war and peace, and national and international security.
: Lecturer in History
: UNC-Chapel Hill
: Ph.D.
: History
: Duke University
: Active
: Air Power Military History Intelligence History
Notes
: Air Power, Intelligence, Land Power, Sea Power, Weapons of Mass Destruction
:Pearl Harbor: Warning Intelligence
D-Day
International Terrorism

Sara Bush Castro

Photo of Sara Bush Castro
Assistant Director, TISS Intelligence Community Center of Academic Excellence University of North Carolina, Chapel HillHistory Home PWAD, Hamilton Hall 403, CB#3200, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599 Chapel Hill NC 27599 USA Work Phone: (919) 627-8640
Biography

Sara Bush Castro is a lecturer in the Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill specializing in global security and intelligence history, U.S.-China relations, and Chinese foreign policy. She also serves as Assistant Director of the TISS Community Center of Academic Excellence. Dr. Castro holds a doctorate in history from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and a Master’s degree from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, where she specialized in security studies and Asia. She served as an intelligence analyst for the US government in Washington DC from 2003 to 2009 and as a program assistant at the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, a non-governmental organization in New York City, from 2000 to 2002.

Notes

Primary Areas of Expertise:

China, Asia, U.S.-China relations, U.S. intelligence, global intelligence, national security, intelligence regimes, U.S. foreign policy

1. Pivot to Asia: Understanding Regional Dynamics in East Asia
2. Historical Perspectives on U.S.-China Relations
3. The Historical Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency

Michael Cotter

Photo of Michael Cotter
Publisher/Ambassador (ret.) American Diplomacy Publishers, IncAmerican Diplomacy Publishers, Inc Home 252 Carolina Meadows Villa Chapel Hill NC 27517 USA Home Phone: (919) 265-8252
Biography

How Colonialism Shaped Today’s World
Rethinking Central Asia
The Role of Diplomacy in American National Security Policy

1. Imaginary Borders
2. Why Central Asia Matters
3.

Notes

How Colonialism Shaped Today’s World
Rethinking Central Asia
The Role of Diplomacy in American National Security Policy

1. Imaginary Borders
2. Why Central Asia Matters
3.

Mark Crescenzi

Photo of Mark Crescenzi
Bowman and Gordon Gray Term Professor of Political Science University of North Carolina Chapel HillDepartment of Political Science Home Department of Political Science CB 3265 Hamilton Hall University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3265 Work Phone: (919)962-0401 Website: http://crescenzi.web.unc.edu/
Biography
: Department of Political Science CB 3265 Hamilton Hall University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3265
: Bowman and Gordon Gray Term Professor of Political Science
: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Cori E. Dauber

Photo of Cori E. Dauber
Professor UNC-Chapel HillCOMMUNICATION STUDIES Home Department of Communication Studies CB3285 UNC-Chapel Hill Chapel Hill NC 27599 Work Phone: (919)259-3734
Biography
: Cori E. Dauber is Professor of Communication Studies at UNC-Chapel Hill, where she is also a research fellow of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies. From 2008-2010, and again from 2011-2012, she was Visiting Research Professor at the Security Studies Institute of the US Army War C ollege. Her research focuses on the visual propaganda of terrorist groups, particularly Jihadist groups. She has a PhD and BS in Communication Studies from Northwestern University, and an MA in the same from UNC.
: PROFESSOR
: UNC-CHAPEL HILL
: PHD
: COMMUNICATION STUDIES
: NORTHWESTERN
: Active
: Rhetorical Studies Visual Propaganda/Terrorist Use of the WEb

Robin Dorff

Photo of Robin Dorff
Dean, College of Humanities and Social Sciences and Professor, Political Science & International Affairs Kennesaw State UniversityDepartment of Political Science Work 402 Bartow Avenue Suite 5010 MD 2201 Kennesaw State University Kennesaw, GA 30144 Work Phone: (470)578-6124
Biography
: Dean, College of Humanities and Social Sciences and Professor, Political Science & International Affairs
: Kennesaw State University
: Ph.D.
: Political Science
: University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
: Active
: US National Security Strategy and Policy Conflict and Post-Conflict Strategy and Operations Strategy and Leadership
Notes
: American Grand Strategy, Civil Military Relations, Global Security, Us Foreign Policy
:US Grand Strategy and Role of the US in Global Security
Thinking, Acting and Leading Strategically
Contemporary Security Challenges and Opportunities

Peter D. Feaver

Photo of Peter D. Feaver
TISS Director Duke UniversityPolitical Science and Public Policy Work 132 Rubenstein Hall 302 Towerview Drive Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0316 Work Phone: (919)660-4331
Biography
: Peter D. Feaver (Ph.D., Harvard) is a Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at Duke University and Director of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (TISS). He served as Special Advisor for Strategic Planning and Institutional Reform on the National Security Council (2005-2007) and as Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control on the National Security Council (1993-1994). Professor Feaver co-directed two major research projects, “Managing Interventions after September 11” and “The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security.” He has written eight books, most recently, (with Christopher Gelpi and Jason Reifler) Paying the Human Costs of War (2009). He has also published over thirty articles and book chapters on American foreign policy, nuclear proliferation, civil-military relations, information warfare, and U.S. national security. He is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group.
: TISS Director
: Duke University
: Ph.D.
: Political Science
: Harvard
: Active
: Strategy
Notes

: American Grand Strategy, Civil Military Relations

Quauhtli Olivieri Herrera

No Photo Available
Duke MPP Candidate Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke UniversitySanford School of Public Policy at Duke University Home 4013 West Cornwallis Road Durham NC 27705 USA Home Phone: (919) 699-1466
Biography

National Security Policy, Latin America

Notes

National Security Policy, Latin America

Robert Jenkins

Photo of Robert Jenkins
Director, UNC Center for Slavic, Eurasian, & East European Studies University of North Carolina at Chapel HillDepartment of Political Science Work UNC Center for Slavic, Eurasian, & East European Studies CB# 5125 Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5125 Work Phone: (919)962-4295
Biography
: Scholarly interests are in the areas of social and political change, ethnic conflict, state building, security policy, and education, with a specific regional focus on Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Current research includes projects on international intervention into the post-conflict Western Balkans and comparison of ethnicity and race in democratic transitions in Eastern Europe and South Africa. I have published journal and book chapters on socialist and post-socialist labor markets, civil society and nonprofit sector development, and political transitions as well as worked on consulting projects on higher education reform in post-communist states. In addition to leading regular summer study trips to the former Yugoslavia, I spent the fall 2013 semester in Cape Town, South Africa.
: Director, UNC Center for Slavic, Eurasian, & East European Studies
: UNC Department of Political Science
: PHD
: Sociology
: University of Wisconsin
: Post-Communism Nationalism Transatlantic Security

Tana Johnson

No Photo Available
Assistant Professor of Public Policy and Political Science Duke UniversityDepartment of Political Science Work Duke University, Sanford School of Public Policy 201 Science Drive, SB 236 Box 90245 Durham, NC 27708 Work Phone: (919)613-9210 Website: http://polisci.duke.edu/people?Gurl=&Uil=14678&subpage=profile
Biography
: Tana Johnson’s research interests include global governance, international organizations, energy/environmental policy, and U.S. foreign policy. Her work has been published or is forthcoming in International Organization, Journal of Politics, Review of International Organizations, and Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency. Her recent book Organizational Progeny (Oxford University Press, 2014) examines the role of international bureaucrats in designing new institutions. The book is the recipient of the International Studies Association’s 2015 Chadwick F. Alger Prize for the best book on international organization and multilateralism. Johnson has received research fellowships from the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University, and from the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions at Vanderbilt University. She serves as a faculty advisor and instructor for Duke’s Program on Global Policy and Governance, which places graduate students in internships in international governmental and non-governmental organizations in Geneva, Switzerland. She also is an energy policy fellow through the Global Governance 2022 program, which consists of academics and practitioners from China, Germany, and the United States.
: Assistant Professor of Public Policy and Political Science
: Duke University
: PhD
: Public Policy
: University of Chicago
: international organizations energy and environmental policy globalization

Richard H. Kohn

Photo of Richard H. Kohn
Professor Emeritus of History and Peace, War, and Defense UNC-Chapel HillHistory Work 1520 Pinecrest Road Durham NC 27705-5817 Work Phone: (919)419-0323
Biography
: Richard H. Kohn is Professor Emeritus of History and Peace, War, and Defense at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. From 1992-2006 he chaired the Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense and from 1992 to 2000 he directed the Triangle Institute of Security Studies, an inter-university and interdisciplinary consortium of faculty in the Research Triangle area of North Carolina interested in national and international security broadly defined. Born and raised in Chicago, he was educated at Harvard (A.B. magna cum laude, 1962) and the University of Wisconsin (M.S. 1964, Ph.D. 1968), and taught military and American history, and civil-military relations, at CCNY and Rutgers University-New Brunswick, and as a visiting or adjunct professor at Dickinson College and the US Army and National War Colleges. From 1981 to 1991 he was Chief of Air Force History and Chief Historian for the United States Air Force on the air staff in Washington, heading the Office of Air Force History, overseeing the USAF Historical Research Agency, and serving as the functional manager of the worldwide command history program. He has been a Pulitzer Prize juror, a two-term president of the Society for Military History (1989-1993), served on the Advisory Board of the US Air Force’s Gulf War Air Power Survey and the Air University Board of Visitors, chaired the research and collections management advisory committee of the National Air and Space Museum, and in the late 1990s was a member of the National Security Study Group, the group of scholars and practitioners who assisted the US Commission on National Security/21st Century (the Hart-Rudman Commission) that reviewed American national security policies and institutions. Most recently he served as a congressional appointee on the Independent Review Panel reporting to Congress on the Department of Defense’s 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review. He continues to consult on national security in the defense community and with the media. His honors include certificates for Patriotic Civilian Service from the Army, awards for Organizational Excellence and Exceptional Civilian Service from the Air Force, Carolina’s John L. Sanders Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching and Service, the American Historical Association’s Herbert Feis award for distinguished contributions to public history, and the Samuel Eliot Morison Prize of the Society for Military History for significant contributions to the field. A specialist in American military history and civil-military relations, Kohn is the author or editor or co-author or co-editor of some ten volumes in the field, including the Pulitzer Prize finalist Eagle and Sword: The Federalists and the Creation of the Military Establishment in America, 1783-1802 (1975). His other books include the edited volume, The United States Military under the Constitution of the United States, 1789-1989 (1991) which was the first-ever American volume of the International Commission on Military History series, Revue Internationale d’Histoire Militaire, and (as one of five co-authors) The Exclusion of Black Soldiers from the Medal of Honor in World War II (1997), the report that resulted in the award of seven medals of honor to black soldiers of that conflict. His most recent book is an edited volume with Peter D. Feaver, Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security (2001), the result of a three-year project investigating the difference between military and civilian attitudes and perspectives in the United States. Recent writings have focused on contemporary civil-military relations, including “Beyond Sequester: Improving National Defense in an Age of Austerity,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 70 (Summer 2013), 47-54, “First Priorities in Military Professionalism,” Orbis (Summer 2013):380-389, and “Civilian Control of the Military: The Most Important Thing You’ve Never Thought About,” International Society of Barristers Quarterly, 48, 3(2014):1-27. He is currently putting together a collection of his essays on the subject for Routledge Publishers, and continuing work on a study of presidential war leadership in American history. Address: 1520 Pinecrest Road Durham, NC 27705 Telephone: (919) 419-0323 E-mail: rhkohn@unc.edu
: None
: Professor Emeritus of History and Peace, War, and Defense
: UNC-Chapel Hill
: PhD
: History
: University of Wisconsin – Madison
: Active
: American Military History Civil-Military Relations

Wayne Lee

Photo of Wayne Lee
Professor of HIstory, Chair, Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense University of North Carolina at Chapel HillHistory Work 400 Hamilton Hall CB# 3195 Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 Work Phone: (919)962-3973 Website: history.unc.edu/people/faculty/wayne-lee/
Biography
: Wayne Lee specializes in early modern military history, with a particular focus on North America and the Atlantic World, but he teaches military history from a full global perspective at the undergraduate and graduate level. He also teaches courses on violence as well as on the early English exploration of the Atlantic. As a kind of additional career, he works with archaeology projects, and recently published his work (listed below) from a project in the mountains of northern Albania. He is now working on a new project in southern Greece. For more details on Professor Lee’s research see the link to his web page below. His publications include, Editor, with Michael Galaty, Ols Lafe, and Zamir Tafilica, Light and Shadow: Isolation and Interaction in the Shala Valley of Northern Albania (Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, 2013); Barbarians and Brothers: Anglo-American Warfare, 1500-1865 (Oxford University Press, 2011). Editor, Warfare and Culture in World History (NYU Press, 2011) ; Crowds and Soldiers in Revolutionary North Carolina: The Culture of Violence in Riot and War (University Press of Florida, 2001); “Fortify, Fight, or Flee: Tuscarora and Cherokee Defensive Warfare and Military Culture Adaptation,” Journal of Military History 68 (2004): 713–770.
: Professor of HIstory, Chair, Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense
: UNC-Chapel Hill
: Ph.D.
: History
: Duke University
: Active
: Modern Military History
Notes
: Military History
:Speaking Through Skulls: The Culture of Soldiers in the 18th Century
North Carolina and the Revolution

Francis Lethem

Photo of Francis Lethem
Director and Professor of the Practice Duke Center for International DevelopmentDuke Center for International Development Home Sanford School Box 90237 Durham, NC 27708-0237 Work Phone: (919)613-9220
Biography
: Dr. Francis Lethem is Associate Dean for Executive Education Programs, Sanford School of Public Policy, Director and Professor of the Practice at its Duke Center for International Development (DCID), and Co-Director of the Duke-UNC Rotary program in Peace and Conflict Resolution. His professional interests include institutional design for sustainable development, the design and management of development projects, project design for conflict prevention, and human resources development. Before joining Duke in 1994, Dr. Lethem worked for about 30 years at the World Bank including as a policy and projects adviser. He obtained his doctorate in economics from Neuchatel University (Switzerland) in 1967, was a Fellow at Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs in 1975/ 76, and is the co-author of World Bank Staff Working Papers on organization design, the consideration of human factors in development work, law and development, and the management of technical assistance. In 2006, he was named a Paul Harris Fellow by Rotary International.
: Director and Professor of the Practice
: Duke Center for International Development
: PhD
: Economics
: Neuchatel, Switzerland
: International development Institutional Design

David Litt

Photo of David Litt
Executive Director, Center for Stabilization and Economic Reconstruction Institute for Defense and BusinessInstitute for Defense and Business Work Institute for Defense and Business 1250 Environ Way Chapel Hill, NC 27517 Work Phone: (919)969-8008 Website: http://www.idb.org
Biography
: Ambassador Litt has served as Executive Director of the Center for Stabilization and Economic Reconstruction (CSER) since February 2008. The Center designs, organizes and runs professional education programs for diverse organizational cultures that operate in crisis environments. Among CSER program participants are military, government agency, private sector, NGO, and international organization personnel. CSER is part of the Institute for Defense and Business, a 501 (c) (3) non-profit education and research institute, affiliated with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Prior to that, Ambassador Litt served for 34 years as a career U.S. diplomat, specializing in the Middle East and Southwest Asia. In 2005-2006 he was the third-ranking officer at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, with the title of Political-Military Counselor, providing policy advice to the U.S. Ambassador, and serving as liaison between the Embassy and the Multi-National Forces – Iraq. His final assignment as a Foreign Service Officer, prior to retirement in 2008, was as the Associate Director for International Liaison at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. Ambassador Litt entered the Foreign Service in 1974. He served as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates (1995-1998) and as Consul General in Dubai ten years prior. Ambassador Litt was Political Advisor to U.S. Central Command and U.S. Special Operations Command at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida (1998-2004). While at the Department of State, Ambassador Litt served as the Director of the Office of Northern Gulf Affairs (Iran and Iraq), and also as Desk Officer for Saudi Arabia. In addition to a tour as economic/commercial officer in Kabul, Afghanistan, in the late 1970s, he served twice as political officer in Damascus, Syria. Just prior to his recent service in Baghdad, he was the State Department’s Diplomat-in-Residence at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. Other assignments included Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Niamey, Niger, and as a consular officer in Palermo, Italy. Among several other languages, he speaks Italian, French, Arabic, and Afghan-Persian (Dari). Ambassador Litt was born on Dec. 27, 1949, in Pittsburgh, PA, and grew up in Miami, FL. He received a bachelor’s degree with majors in history and French from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1971, and a master’s degree in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, D.C. in 1973. At SAIS, he specialized in European affairs and international economics. He attended Harvard University’s Program for Senior Executives in National and International Security at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2000. He is married to the former Beatrice Ilardi, and has two children, Barbara and Giorgio.
: Executive Director, Center for Stabilization and Economic Reconstruction
: M.A.
: International Studies
: Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Relations
: Foreign Policy Middle East and Southwest Asia Issues Crisis Management

Rolin Mainuddin

Photo of Rolin Mainuddin
Associate Professor of Political Science North Carolina Central UniversityDepartment of Political Science Work North Carolina Central University 109 E- Edmonds Building 1801 Fayetteville St. Durham, NC 27707 Work Phone: (919) 530-7259 Website: http://www.nccu.edu/directory/details.cfm?id=rmainuddin
Biography
: Rolin Mainuddin is associate professor of political science at North Carolina Central University. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Kansas. Before earning two master 19s degrees in political science and international affairs (administrative studies), respectively, from Ohio University, he completed graduate and undergraduate studies in international relations at Dhaka University (Bangladesh). His research interest is in international security and religious violence. A former president of the North Carolina Political Science Association and the Association of Third World Studies, Mainuddin serves on the editorial board of International Journal of South Asian Studies (India) and Journal of Third World Studies. Also, he is on the Executive Board of Triangle Institute for Security Studies (TISS). Furthermore, he has appeared as a guest commentator for Voice of America (Bangla Language Service). In addition to editing a book, Religion and Politics in the Developing World: Explosive Interactions (Ashgate), his articles have appeared in Indian Journal of Asian Affairs; Journal of Political Science, Government and Politics (online); Journal of Third World Studies; Mid-American Journal of Politics; Middle East Policy, and Military Review.
: Associate Professor of Political Science
: North Carolina Central University
: Ph.D.
: Political Science
: University of Kansas
: Active
: Middle Eastern Politics International Politics American Foreign Policy
Notes
: Global Security

:Democracy Challenge in Gulf Monarchies
Home-Grown Terrorism
The Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL/Daesh)
Military Footprint and Terrorism
Military Footprint and Counterterrorism

John Mattingly

Photo of John Mattingly
Associate Professor North Carolina State UniversityDepartment of Nuclear Engineering Work Burlington Laboratory 2148 Work Phone: (919)515-0224 Website: http://www.ne.ncsu.edu/faculty/john-mattingly
Biography
: John Mattingly (Ph.D. University of Tennessee) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University. His research interests are in neutron and gamma time-correlation, coincidence and multiplicity counting, spec-trometry, and imaging applied to nuclear nonproliferation and counterterrorism; radiation transport modeling applied to the design of neutron and gamma meas-urement systems; and inverse radiation transport methods to analyze neutron and gamma measurements. In 1995 he was awarded a postgraduate research fellowship at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and in 1997, he joined the technical staff at ORNL, where he was promoted to the senior staff in 2002. In 2003 Mattingly was hired as a principal member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in Albuquerque, NM.
: Associate Professor, Department of Nuclear Engineering
: North Carolina State University
: Ph.D.
: Nuclear Engineering
: University of Tennessee
: Active
: Radiation Detection and Application Nuclear Materials

Natalia Mirovitskaya

Photo of Natalia Mirovitskaya
associate professor of practice Duke UniversityDuke Center for International Development Work 264 Rubenstein Hall Sanford School of Public Policy Work Phone: (919)613-9219
Biography
: associate professor of practice
: Duke Center for International Development
: PhD
: International Economics
: Russian Academy of Sciences
: International Development Policy Conflict-sensitive Development Environmental and Energy Policy

Tim Nichols

Photo of Tim Nichols
Executive Director, Counterterrorism and Public Policy Fellowship Program Duke UniversityDepartment of Political Science School Duke University Work Phone: (910)658-6441
Biography
: Tim Nichols (B.A, UVA, M.A, USF, M.B.A.,NCSU) Tim served as an intelligence officer in the Marine Corps for over 21 years with extensive experience in the special operations and counterterrorism fields. His overseas experience spans deployments to Iraq, Afghanistan, East Africa, Central America, and the Pacific. He has been designated as a Regional Affairs Officer for East Africa. While in Iraq, he led a joint interagency task force in tracking and targeting the migration paths of foreign extremists traveling to Iraq for violent activities. Prior to his retirement from the military, Tim taught courses in Leadership, Ethics, and Management at Duke, UNC, and NC State for four years. In addition to his consulting activities, Tim is currently a research fellow and visiting associate professor of the practice in the School of Public Policy at Duke University. His research interests and teaching responsibilities include intelligence, interagency coordination, national security, homeland security and counterterrorism policy.
: Executive Director, Counterterrorism and Public Policy Fellowship Program
: Duke
: MA, MBA
: American Studies
: USF, NCSU
: Active
: Counterterrorism National Security Policy Intelligenc

W. Robert Pearson

Photo of W. Robert Pearson
Non-resident scholar The Middle East InstituteU.S.-Turkey relations Cell Phone: 301-801-1962 Website: W. Robert Pearson
Biography

Ambassador (ret) W. Robert Pearson is a non-resident scholar at The Middle East Institute.  He focuses on Turkey with particular emphasis on U.S.-Turkey relations.  His areas of interest include Turkey’s relations with the EU, Russia, the Middle East, and Central and East Asia, in addition to the United States.

Amb. Pearson is a retired professional Foreign Service Officer who served as U.S. ambassador to Turkey from 2000 to 2003.  He was Director General of the U.S. Foreign Service from 2003 to 2006, repositioning the American Foreign Service to meet the new challenges of the 21st century and winning two national awards for his efforts.  He served from 2008 to 2014 as president of IREX, an international development NGO based in Washington, spearheading its expansion to reach more than 125 countries worldwide. He has published numerous articles, blogs and opinion pieces on diplomacy, foreign policy, Turkey, NGOs, and development.  He is a frequent speaker on issues concerning Turkey, international development and the role of diplomacy in American engagement abroad.

Notes

Education: 
B.A. Vanderbilt University, J.D. University of Virginia School of Law

Country of Expertise: 
Turkey

Issues of Expertise:
Security, Economics, Civil Society, Diplomacy and Foreign Relations

Carolyn Pumphrey

Photo of Carolyn Pumphrey
Associate Director Triangle Institute for Security StudiesTriangle Institute for Security Studies Work 132 Rubenstein Hall 302 Towerview Drive Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0316 Work Phone: (919) 613-9280 Website: www.tiss-nc.org
Biography
: Carolyn Pumphrey is Associate Director of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (TISS) and Teaching Assistant Professor of History at North Carolina State University. Though born in the United States, and a long-time resident of North Carolina, she spent more than twenty years living overseas (England, France, and Switzerland). She has taught a wide variety of courses at college level, including “War and Society in Ancient and Medieval Times,” and the “History of Restraints on War.” Her research interests focus on the European Middle Ages. She was the Post-Doctoral Fellow for the Triangle Institute for Security Studies between 1997 and 2000. She is the editor of five collections of conference proceedings:: Transnational Threats: Blending Law Enforcement and Military Strategies (SSI: 2000); The Rise of China: Security Implications (SSI: 2002); (with Rye Schwartz Barcott) Armed Conflict in Africa (Scarecrow Press, 2003); Global Climate Change: National Security Implications (SSI 2008), and The Energy and Security Nexus: A Strategic Dilemma (SSI 2012). Her undergraduate degree (Literature and History) is from the University of York, U.K. and her doctorate (1985) is from Duke University.
: Associate Director
: Triangle Institute for Security Studies
: Ph.D.
: History
: Duke University
: Active
: Medieval History
Notes
:Chivalry
Restraints on War
Water in the Middle Ages

Tony Rivera

Photo of Tony Rivera
Assistant Professor National Defense University, College of International Security AffairsInternational Relations Work Department of Political Science 140 Science Drive | 208 Gross Hall | Box 90204 | Durham, NC 27708 Website: http://css-lucas.com/
Biography
: Dr. Tony Rivera is currently an Assistant Professor of International Security at the College of International Security Affairs, National Defense University, a visiting professor at Duke University, and Director of the Laboratory for Unconventional Conflict Analysis and Simulation (LUCAS), a computational security studies lab. The Lab is bi-located on Fort Bragg and Duke University, where it is the computational security studies component of the Social Science Research Institute. Dr. Rivera received his degree in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Delaware. His dissertation, The Complexity of Iranian Foreign Policy: the politics of fear, interest, and honor utilizes complex adaptive systems and phenomenological theoretical approaches along with computational and interpretive methodologies. Since 2010, Dr. Rivera has been affiliated with the University of Chicago’s Computation Institute, where he has provided subject matter expertise on Iranian grand strategy and security policy for agent-based modeling. His work at the Computation Institute also included modeling the sovereignty disputes in the South and East China Seas. From the fall of 2009 until spring of 2012 Dr. Rivera served as managing editor of the International Studies Association’s Compendium project. He is available to give talks on Iran’s nuclear program, decision-making and political landscape, computational methods, Iranian-US relations, Iranian-Saudi relations, and more general topics on the Middle East.

Dr. Tony Rivera, a visiting assistant professor at Duke University’s Social Science Research Institute with a secondary appointment to the department of Political Science, is a Research Fellow with the Triangle Institute for Security Studies. He is also a Strategic Advisor to the U.S. Army Special Operations Command. Additionally, Dr. Rivera and a Subject Matter Expert at the College of International Security Affairs, National Defense University. He is the founder and director of the Laboratory for Unconventional Conflict Analysis and Simulation (LUCAS), a computational security studies lab. The Lab is bi-located on Fort Bragg and Duke University, where it is the computational security studies component of the Social Science Research Institute and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies. Dr. Rivera received his degree in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Delaware. His dissertation, The Complexity of Iranian Foreign Policy: the politics of fear, interest, and honor utilizes complex adaptive systems and phenomenological theoretical approaches along with computational and interpretive methodologies. From 2010 to 2015, Dr. Rivera has been affiliated with the University of Chicago’s Computation Institute, where he has provided subject matter expertise on Iranian grand strategy and security policy for agent-based modeling. His work at the Computation Institute also included modeling the sovereignty disputes in the South and East China Seas. From the fall of 2009 until spring of 2012 Dr. Rivera served as managing editor of the International Studies Association’s Compendium project. He is available to give talks on Iran’s nuclear program, strategic decision-making, and the future of Iran’s role after the JCPOA (the nuclear deal). He also has talks prepared on Iranian-US relations, Iranian-Saudi relations, and more general topics on the Middle East. He can give talks and tutorials on computational methods such as agent-based modeling, social network analysis, and the essential tasks of combining qualitative and computational methods.

: Assistant Professor
: National Defense University, College of International Security Affairs
: Ph.D.
: International Relations
: University of Delaware
: Active
: Iran Middle East Computational and Interpretive methods
Notes
: American Grand Strategy, Global Security, Military History, Us Foreign Policy

:Iran’s nuclear program, decision-making and political landscape, computational methods, Iranian-US relations, Iranian-Saudi relations, and more general topics on the Middle East.

Alex Roland

Photo of Alex Roland
Professor of History Emeritus Duke UniversityHistory Home 195 Tor Court, Denton, NC 27239 Home Phone: (336)859-2795
Biography
: Alex Roland is Professor of History Emeritus at Duke University, where he taught Military History and the History of Technology. A 1966 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Professor Roland served in the Marine Corps before taking his PhD in History at Duke in 1974. From 1973 to 1981 he was a historian with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. After returning to Duke in 1981, he chaired the Department of History (1995-2000) and held the Harold K. Johnson Chair of Military History at the Military History Institute, U.S. Army War College, and the Dr. Leo Shifrin Chair of Naval-Military History at the U.S. Naval Academy. He has been a visiting professor at the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies at the Air University and the Department of History at West Point. His books include Underwater Warfare in the Age of Sail (1978); Model Research: The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 1915-1958 (1985); The Military Industrial Complex (2001); with Richard Preston and Sidney Wise, Men in Arms: A History of Warfare and Its Interrelationships with Western Society (5th ed., 1991); with Philip Shiman, Strategic Computing: DARPA and the Quest for Machine Intelligence, 1983-1993 (2002); and with W. Jeffrey Bolster and Alexander Keyssar, The Way of the Ship: America’s Maritime History Reenvisioned, 1600-2000 (2008). He has edited A Spacefaring People (1985) and, with Peter Galison, Atmospheric Flight in the Twentieth Century (2000). He is a past President of the Society for the History of Technology and Vice President of the Society for Military History.
: Professor of History Emeritus, Duke University
: Duke University
: PhD
: History
: Duke
: Military History History of Technology Aerospace History

Brenda Schoonover

Photo of Brenda Schoonover
Ambassador Retired American Diplomacy PublishersAmerican Diplomacy Publishers Home 108 Ironwoods Drive Chapel Hill, NC 27516 Work Phone: (919) 967-7898
Biography
: Retired career American Foreign Service Officer, Former U.S. Ambassador to Togo; Former Diplomat in Residence in the Triangle; Currently Presdient of American Diplomacy Publishers, online magazine.
: Ambassador Retired
: American Diplomacy Publishers
: Ambassador
: Retired

Tommy Sowers

Photo of Tommy Sowers
Visiting Assistant Professor of the Practice Duke University Sanford School of Public PolicyDepartment of Political Science Work 209 Sanford Building Durham, NC 27708 Work Phone: (919)613-7329 Website: http://sanford.duke.edu/people/faculty/sowers-thomas-s
Biography
: Dr. Tommy Sowers is a Visiting Assistant Professor of the Practice and Assistant Directory of The Hart Leadership Program in the Sanford School of Public Policy and Duke University. Sowers teaches on Leadership and Public Service in a variety of forms and oversees Connect-to-Politics, a political leadership development program in the Hart Leadership Program. His research focuses on the effect of technology on management, professions, and leadership. From 2012 to 2014, Sowers served as Assistant Secretary for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. A public policy major and former student of Professor Tony Brown’s, Sowers attended Duke on an ROTC scholarship. Upon graduating in 1998, he served 11 years active duty in the U.S. Army, including two combat tours in Iraq as a Green Beret. Sowers earned his master’s and Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and Political Science on Rotary Scholarship. He has previously taught government and politics courses at the United State Military Academy at West Point and at Missouri University of Science and Technology in his hometown of Rolla, Missouri. In 2010, Sowers ran for U.S. House in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District. Following his campaign, Sowers was a consultant at McKinsey & Co. and a senior advisor to the nonprofit, Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America. In 2014, Sowers co-founded The Lincoln Awards: A Concert for Veterans & the Military Family and serves as the inaugural Chairman of the event in Washington D.C. He also serves on the board of directors of Americans for the Arts.
: Visiting Assistant Professor of the Practice
: Duke University Sanford School of Public Policy
: PhD
: Retired
: Civil-military relations, management and technology, public leadership.
Notes

: Civil Military Relations, Us Foreign Policy

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