WP Findings

Purpose Participants Design Findings  The issues and focus we began with three years ago have proven to be at least as important and vexing as forecast. We have inherited problems from the immediate post-Cold War period and also face new ones generated by the war on terrorists. The power of the United States is unrivaled, but is not limitless. The United States can seek to do almost anything it wants, but it can not be assured that it will achieve its objectives nor that it will be supported internationally or domestically. While the issues involve much more than just the role and policy of the United States, American power and purpose remain the most central aspect. The challenges of framing an effective foreign policy in today’s complex political environment are enormous and the consequences of failure potentially disastrous. Resorting to dichotomies, and thinking in terms of isolationism versus engagement, or unilateral versus multilateral engagement, or “is” versus “ought” considerations is to grossly oversimplify the questions at hand. There is a compelling need to gain a more nuanced understanding of the issues and make the findings available to policy makers.

Our goal was to produce original research and policy relevant analysis that would survive the critical scrutiny of academic experts and shape the expert research and policy agenda in the coming years. The project has resulted in a number of books and articles, either already published or shortly to be published. At the same time, the ideas have been widely discussed in the media and participants have briefed politicians on both sides of the political aisle.

To find out more information about specific projects and summaries of conferences held as part of this project, please follow the following links:

Strategy and Policy Planning Workshop, 14 and 15 February, 2005

This conference was held in Washington DC to facilitate participation by policy-makers in Washington D.C. . It was cosponsored by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. It examined both the intellectual and organizational challenges of strategy and policy planning and explored specific foreign policy problems facing the United States. James Kitfield, National Journal, compiled an extensive report which may be read here: Kifield Report.

Casualties and Warfare Conference, 17 and 18 February 2006.

This conference was funded as part of Carnegie’s No-Cost Extension. It flowed from the discussion of the “Human Face of War.” Organized by Christopher Gelpi and Alexander Downes, Duke University, its purpose was to examine the causes and consequences of both combatant and noncombatant casualties in warfare. For speakers, visit BiographiesFor report, visit: Casualties Conference Report

Project Reports.

Preventive War and Human Rights (Buchanan and Keohane)

Casualties and Public Support for Military Operations (Feaver, Gelpi, and Reifler)

International Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy (Holsti)

Economic Liberalization and Ethnic Conflict (Wilkinson)

Findings of the Findings/ and Force and Diplomacy (Jentleson)